Micronutrients important for growth in Children

Micronutrients for growing children

Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are essential to our health, development, and growth in children. Micronutrient deficiencies, which affect over two billion people around the globe today, are the leading cause of intellectual disability in children (due to iodine deficiency), preventable blindness (due to vitamin A deficiency), maternal death during childbirth (due to iron deficiency), and severe and often fatal birth defects known as neural tube defects (due to folic acid deficiency). Diminished mental capacity and increased absenteeism (due to iodine and iron deficiency) lead to lower academic achievement, with lifelong consequences.

Immune systems weakened by a lack of micronutrients puts children at increased risk of illness, making them more likely to miss school. Micronutrient Deficiencies are often hard to notice, but ultimately have a devastating form of malnutrition. The most common deficiencies in school-age children are due to lack of iron, vitamin A and iodine.

To maintain your brain, muscle, bone, nerves, skin, blood circulation, and immune system, your body requires a steady supply of many different raw materials—both macronutrients and micronutrients. You need large amounts of macronutrients—proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. And while you only need a small number of micronutrients—vitamins and minerals—failing to get even those small quantities virtually guarantees disease.

Micronutrients can be found in foods to help boost your immune system.

Micronutrient Food sources
Vitamin B6 Chicken, cereals, bananas, pork loin, potatoes with skin
Vitamin C Tomatoes, citrus fruit, sweet peppers, broccoli, kiwi fruit
Vitamin E Sunflower seeds and oil, almonds, safflower oil, peanut butter
Magnesium Whole wheat, legumes, nuts, seeds
Zinc Oysters, beef shank, Alaskan king crab, turkey (dark meat)

Talk to your Pediatrician about micronutrients for children.